Lebanon is clubbed with middle range countries in food security. According to an ESCWA report, 49 percent of Lebanese are reportedly worried about their ability to access enough food, and 31 percent of them stating that they were unable to eat healthy and nutritious food over the course of a year. There is scary statistics related to food security in Lebanon especially after the flow of Syrian refugees.
Syria used to be an important route for agriculture activities in Lebanon. There was an agriculture trade through Syria and with Syria. The bilateral agreement has declined from 2011-2012, which led to the increase o illegal trade on borders for the two countries.
From 2015, things started are getting worse especially for Syrian and Palestinian refugees. Food secure Syrian refugees households have fallen from 25 percent to 11 percent. Syrians refuges are depending on food assistantship provided by UNHCR which amount is decreasing by time. 15% of the Lebanese children under five suffer from dwarfness.
Lebanon’s food resources are wasted through mismanagement of water resources and corruption. Things got worse when Lebanon hosted more than one million Syrian refugee. Increasing population and decreasing water availability will affect food production and affect food security. Agriculture polices need to be improved. Crop productivity should be worked on.
One of the main cases is depending on food imports to secure the national need of nutrients. Lebanon food export compared to Lebanon food import is 16.5%. More than 50% of our food is imported. Fixing the agriculture sector can solve this. The agriculture sector has been neglected by government, which forced many farmers to abandon there lands and work in cities.
Agriculture is outdated and we can change this by technology. Agriculture is based on science so use this science to study the root of the problem. The main problem is that farmers in Lebanon big issue in selling their products. If we search for technical solutions in other countries we can find several successful stories in developing countries, such as Kenya where an app has been developed for connecting farmers while farmers in Egypt which has early warning of mastitis to improve milk yield;
Many in Lebanon started doing good successful projects as RIEGO in Lebanon, water loss in production. Eco industries: aim to optimize high yield. Solution built in Lebanon but their market outside Lebanon.; Green studios which do vertical agriculture especially outdoor vertical planting; E2 from AUB sorting of vegetables for pickles industry. So the technology can be used in agriculture sector to buy land, fertilizers, seed to produce, share economy where we share tractors, and trading between farmers using mobile apps.
The displacement of farmers and destruction of agriculture sector can be reversed if the Lebanese returned to their original diet full of nutrients and varieties rather the western adopted diet that is rich with lipids and sugars. The National Poverty Targeting Programme, which assists the Lebanese poor, should incorporate food assistance on a wider range. The e-card program that connects local farmers and shop should be applied completely. This will increase social stability and protect children from child labor which will increase the number of educated people.