How Does CFD (Contract For Difference) Trading Work?

CFD, or contract for difference, refers to a popular financial instrument that is the key component of a trader’s portfolio. CFDs are a form of trading and a popular gateway for a series of investors to enter the financial market. They are offered by brokers for common tradable assets like forex, commodities, and spot metals.

CFDs are a type of derivative trading. In essence, this means that its value is derived from the price movement of the underlying asset. They basically allow traders to trade the price movement without actually owning the asset. Several platforms including Vantage Markets are among the brokers offering CFD trading. You can also take up the Vantage Markets broker test for better insights.

How to Trade CFDs

Forming a Contract

When traders choose to trade CFDs, it means that they are engaging in a contract that is conducted between them and the broker. The trader here is the buyer, and the broker is the seller. Here, they are agreeing to a contract that speculates on the price of the underlying asset under specific market conditions.

Choosing to trade with CFDs helps traders avoid the typical disadvantages of trading by not actually having to buy the underlying asset. This also helps them save money.

How Does This Contract Really Work?

The profit and loss faced by the trader are essentially calculated by judging the price difference of the asset when the contract is entered and exited. This mainly states that the broker or seller who enters into this contract with you agrees to pay you the difference between the price of the asset when you enter and exit the contract.

However, if there is a loss, the trader or the buyer has to pay the difference according to the contract.

This is basically how CFD brokers make money. As with any sort of trading, you have to be aware of the risks as a trader, and potential losses on the price of the asset is one of the key risks you deal with as a CFC trader.

Margin And Leverage Are Important to Consider When Trading CFDs

The key advantage of trading CFDs is that you only need to deposit a small percentage of the total trade value.

Leverage Is Relatively Higher With CFDs as Compared to Other Trading Methods

With CFDs, traders use a fraction of their capital to activate a position, which consequently brings opportunities for greater returns. However, it is important to remember that as often as leverage brings forth chances of boosting profits, it also opens the possibility of higher losses.

How to Calculate the Profit and the Loss?

The key formula for calculating either the profit or loss you made in a contract is to figure out the difference between the price of the asset when you enter and when you exit the particular contract. The difference is then multiplied by your CFD units. CFDs are generally available across a huge range of markets, making them highly accessible to traders. You can choose from CFDs on shares, indices, and commodities.

How To Successfully Trade On Forex

How to Trade CFDs?

To trade CFDs, you just require a good broker to start with it. A series of platforms offer traders to form demo accounts, where they can try out their skills before taking any risks. You can even choose from the variety of assets available to decide which one would suit you best. And then all you would need is to practice and then set up your actual account to kickstart your trading career.


CFDs are well-known instruments actively employed when forming a trader’s portfolio. They are a gateway for investors to enter the financial market and are offered by several brokers online. They are a great way of making money by not actually buying the asset and saving yourself the hassle.

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About Salman Zafar

Salman Zafar is the Founder of EcoMENA, and an international consultant, advisor, ecopreneur and journalist with expertise in waste management, waste-to-energy, renewable energy, environment protection and sustainable development. His geographical areas of focus include Middle East, Africa, Asia and Europe. Salman has successfully accomplished a wide range of projects in the areas of biomass energy, biogas, waste-to-energy, recycling and waste management. He has participated in numerous conferences and workshops as chairman, session chair, keynote speaker and panelist. Salman is the Editor-in-Chief of EcoMENA, and is a professional environmental writer with more than 300 popular articles to his credit. He is proactively engaged in creating mass awareness on renewable energy, waste management and environmental sustainability in different parts of the world. Salman Zafar can be reached at or

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